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International Dental Journal of Student Research

Evaluate the use of fresh Autogenous cement and dentine as bone graft to repair bone defects in dogs: experimental study

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Author Details: Hekmat Yakoob, Ahmad Al Nashar

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2278-3784

Print ISSN : 2394-708X

Article First Page : 97

Article End Page : 100


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the role of fresh autogenous cement and dentine as bone graft to repair bone defects in dogs.
Study design: 3 adult dogs were used as subjects, 2 bony defect were created on the buccal surface of the mandible in each dog, one of them was grafted with fresh autogenous cement and dentine (test group) and the other was served as control, Samples were then biopsied in 4, 8, and 12 weeks.
Results: After 4 weeks there was new cell lining attached to bone graft pieces in test group, after 8 weeks bone formation surrounding the bone graft pieces was observed. On the other hand less bone formative activity was evident in control group. After 12 weeks we observed that most bone graft pieces underwent resorption, and the volume of new bone increased and became interconnected with the surrounding bone, while only fibrosis and small area of new formed bone could be observed in the control group.
Conclusions: The use of fresh autologous cement and dentine as bone graft led to active bone formation with excellent quality