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International Dental Journal of Student Research


Evidence based Approaches towards Hand Hygiene


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Author Details: Beenish Khalil Rana, Zoofa Manazar

Volume : 4

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2278-3784

Print ISSN : 2394-708X

Article First Page : 148

Article End Page : 155


Abstract

This study involves the evidence-based practices used in various preoperative settings for basic hand hygiene and to provide the essential tools for the implementation of hygiene practices and the improvement programs necessary in health care facilities.
Objective: To assess whether proper and well designed and recognized hand hygiene methods are being practiced and implemented by dentists working in various health care sectors, understanding the organizational social cognitive or structural barriers to the practical adherence to hand hygiene in health care facilities and to develop policies  to assist the policy makers agencies and institutions in developing strategies which are more effective and efficient for the development of hand hygiene practices.
Method: A questionnaire was completed and Data was collected from 500 dentists working in three university hospitals and 25 private clinics, and was analyzed using SPSS 19.0 program.
Conclusion: A process of altering social attitudes and behaviors towards hand hygiene practices and prevention of infection can be initiated by improved and better understanding of knowledge and attitude towards the hand hygiene and the barriers related to opt the practices. Incentives for the adherence to practice the recommended techniques will be useful and provide an efficient and effective way for the development of well-organized and proficient hand hygiene programs. Major factors responsible for poor adherence with hand hygiene practices includes non availability of sinks and hand washing agents like soap, water and towels, busy schedule due to understaffing lack of guidance and proper knowledge of importance and technique of hand washing, low risk of acquiring infections and disagreement with the hand hygiene recommendations

Keyword:
Hand hygiene, Disease control, Prevention, Infection control, Barriers in maintaining hygiene