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IP Indian Journal of Anatomy and Surgery of Head, Neck and Brain


A study of causes of nasal obstruction in Garhwal region of Uttarakhand


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Author Details: Amit Arya, R S Bisht, Venkatashivareddy B, Richa Mina

Volume : 2

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2581-5229

Print ISSN : 2581-5210

Article First Page : 40

Article End Page : 44


Abstract

Nasal obstruction, which may be described as fullness, congestion, reduced airflow, or being “stuffed up,” is a commonly encountered symptom in clinical practice. Systematic study of obstruction has largely considered it as a component of a disease state. Conditions associated with obstruction include nasal polyposis, obstructive sleep apnea, and anatomic variation; however, most information on the burden of obstruction comes from studies of allergic rhinitis and rhinosinusitis, diseases of which obstruction is the major symptom. Obstruction can be caused by other rhinologic conditions, such as non­allergic rhinitis, viral or bacterial rhinitis, and vasomotor rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis affects as much as one quarter of the population worldwide and imposes a significant economic burden. Additionally, allergic rhinitis significantly impairs quality of life; congestion causes allergic rhinitis sufferers decreased daytime productivity at work or school and reduces night­time sleep time and quality. This study is first of its kind in Garhwal region of Uttarakhand and focuses on causes of nasal obstruction in this region and its pattern of distribution in various age, sex, religion of population residing in this particular region so that a remedy could be made for burden of disease.

Keywords:
Allergic rhinitis, Congestion, Epidemiology, Obstruction, Sinosinusitis, Deviated nasal septum (DNS), Inferior turbinate, Hypertrophy (ITHT)