A cross sectional study on the musculoskeletal problems related to neck among the bus drivers in a smart city
Introduction and Objective: In India among the public transportation variable for passengers buses play a significant role. The safety of the general public both within the bus and on the road is given little priority.at times the work demands exceed the physical capacity of the worker. Musculoskeletal are a major public health problem worldwide, affect the quality of life and cause substantial morbidity and disability with consequent economic loss in terms of sickness absence and cost of treatment .cervical pain is the commonest pain experienced by bus drivers yet neglected as it becomes a part of their life and they ignore it In view of this we decided to study the neck strain among the bus drivers in a smart city and its influence on the drivers.
Materials and Method: The study was a cross sectional study conducted in Mangalore Government Bus Depot on 117 bus available drivers in the KSRTC bus Depot Mangalore over a period of 12 months from January 2016 to December 2016 chosen by Convenient sampling method. Informed written consent was obtained from the participating bus drivers who met a pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data was collected by interview method at the Mangalore bus depot after taking written informed consent from the subjects. A pre structured questionnaire containing details like basic demographic data (age, gender, occupation- number of hours of work, the nature of the work and his experience as a bus driver) was collected. The data so obtained was fed into Excel sheet and analyzed using SPSS software version 23.0. A ‘p’ value less than 0.05(p<0.05) is considered significant.
Results and Observations: During the study period 117 drivers were evaluated. The mean age in our study was 41.18 years SD 4905 years. The maximum age in our study was 58 years and least age was 24 years, most common age group was 40-45 years. 66 % had involvement of neck in our study in some form or the other in our study. The neck pain forced the drivers to take leave in 12%.in the rest the neck pain was mild in the mid day and increased as day progressed. Other related musculoskeletal disorders among bus drivers were back 322.3%, knee pain 15.7%, shoulder 5.3%, ankle and feet 3%.
Conclusion: As long durations are the most important predisposing factors for development of musculoskeletal disorders we recommend that adequate rest breaks be provided so that the musculoskeletal system is put to rest instead of overburdening it.
Keywords: Musculoskeletal disorders, Smart city, Transport, Bus, Drivers.