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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


COMPARISON OF INDUCTION WITH SEVOFLURANE-FENTANYL AND PROPOFOL-FENTANYL ON POSTOPERATIVE NAUSEA AND VOMITING AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY


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Author Details: Ghanta .V. Nalini Kumari, Sushma Ladi

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-4994

Print ISSN : 2394-4781

Article First Page : 57

Article End Page : 62


Abstract

Introduction: Majority of laparoscopic surgeries are associated with highest incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV). It is one of the important concerns to choose appropriate anaesthesia drug in the laparoscopic surgeries. The aim of the present study is to perform comparison of induction sevoflurane and propofol and its effects on incidence of PONV in the first 24 hr after laparoscopic day surgery.
Materials and Methods: The present study has considered 60 patients in age group of 18-60 of ASA grade 1 and 2 scheduled for general surgeries. The present study has used a randomized and single blinded study. The patients have divided into two groups; those are propofol group (P group) and sevoflurane group (S Group) of 30 patients each. After completion of surgery, the patient was under observation first 24 hours in recovery room.
Observations and Results: The present study revealed that around 63.33 % of patients have categorized in grade 1 in group S patients. Similarly, in group P, around 90 % of patients have categorized in grade 1. The study also revealed that around 36.67% of patients have suffered with PONV ( grade 2 (3 patients) and grade 3 (8 Patients)) in group S and only 10% (grade 2 (2 patients) and grade 3 (1 patient)) of the patients have suffered with PONV in group P. The study observed that there was significant numerical difference in grade 2 and grade 3 in two groups under the study. The statistical test revealed that there was no difference between two groups.
Conclusions: The study observed that there was a significant numerical difference in grade 2 and grade 3 in two groups under the study. The statistical test revealed that there was no difference between in two groups.