Contact No: +91-8826373757 | +91-8826859373 | 011-25052216
Email: rakesh.its@gmail.com | editor@innovativepublication.com

Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


Comparison of ondansetron HCl, granisetron HCl and palanosetron HCl for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting following gynaecological surgery under general anaesthesia


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details: Rekha N Solanki*,Nita D Gosai,Bhavna C Shah,Pooja Kumar,Rajdip Kubavat

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-4994

Print ISSN : 2394-4781

Article First Page : 102

Article End Page : 106


Abstract

Context: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) is associated with many adverse events, which prolong and increase the healthcare cost.
Aims: To compare the efficacy of Palanosetron with respect to Granisetron and Ondansetron in prevention of PONV. To study the need of rescue antiemetic and incidence of side effects.
Settings and Design: This Prospective, Randomized study was carried out with 150 adult female patients of ASA Grade I & II posted for elective gynecological surgery under GA.
Materials and Methods: Patients were divided into three groups of 50 patients each.
Group O received injection ondansetron 8 mg IV, Group G received Granisetron 2.5 mg IV & Group P received Palanosetron 0.075 mg iv before GA induction.
Episodes of nausea, vomiting, need for rescue antiemetic and side effects were observed for 72 hours in postoperative period.

Statistical Analysis Used: Graphpad Software with consideration of significant P value <0>
Results: Incidence of nausea and vomiting was more with Ondansetron and minimal with Palanosetron with statistical significance of P< 0> Lowest incidence of nausea was found with Palanosetron during 3-24 hours postoperatively (P<0> Complete Control of PONV (No PONV, No rescue drug required) was maximum in P group in all hours of study [P<0>
Conclusion: Palanosetron is safe, well tolerated and effective than Granisetron and Ondansetron in reducing the incidence of PONV with less need of rescue antiemetics.
Key Messages: Palanosetron is proved better antiemetic than granisetron and ondansetron in prevention of PONV.

Keywords: General Anaesthesia, Granisetron, Gynaecological surgery, Ondansetron, Palanosetron, Postoperative nausea and vomiting.

Doi No:-10.18231/2394-4994.2019.0019