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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Presence of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Adolescent Girls of Jammu District and its Effect in their Physical Performance


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Author Details: Anjali Nadir Bhat, Sabita Yograj, Manisha Sahi

Volume : 2

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 164

Article End Page : 168


Abstract

Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of anemia in Indian adolescent girls and women and it impairs their work performance and work capacity. The study was carried out on 210 adolescent girls in the age group of 10 to 19 years, selected randomly from schools of Jammu district. Samples of blood were collected from the subjects and analyzed for parameters like haemoglobin concentration, total erythrocyte count, packed cell volume, serum iron and total iron binding capacity. From TEC, PCV and haemoglobin were calculated the blood indices MCV and MCHC. From serum iron and TIBC was calculated the transferrin saturation index.Our findings show that 71.42% adolescent girls were anemic, and they showed significant decrease in physical performance. Hematological parameters and biochemical parameters were significantly lower in moderately anemic adolescent girls as compared to mild anemic adolescent girls.Also the physical fitness index was poor in girls with moderate anemia as compared to mild anemic and non anemic adolescent girls.

Keywords:
Total Erythrocyte Count,Haemoglobin,Serum Iron, Physical Fitness Index, Mild Anemic, Moderately Anemic.