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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


“Study of FVC, FEV1&FEV1/FVC in pregnant women residing near polluted areas of western Rajasthan, India” -a longitudinal study”


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Author Details: Tilwani Khemlata, Maheshwari Madhurima, Jangid Priya, Tilwani R K, Rajnee, Ojha K C

Volume : 2

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 216

Article End Page : 218


Abstract

Objective: To study the lung functions of pregnant women in polluted areas of Bikaner city of western Rajasthan.
Material & Methods: Study was conducted on 100 normal pregnant women in the age group of 20-35 years of all gravid. Out of 100 pregnant woman fifty were selected from high polluted areas as study group & fifty were from less polluted area as control group. The women were studied with repeated measures of lung function using spirometry at a gestational age of 4–12, 13–24 and 25–40 week. Pulmonary function test were conducted with the help of computerized spirometer (RMS-Helios 401 Transducer no 400-666) in sitting posture, during three different trimesters in same subject.
Results: On comparison of data using ONE WAY ANOVA test revealed that FVC, FEV1 and FEV1/FVC were statistically significantly decrease during three trimesters more in subject living in polluted area.
Conclusion: There is statistically significant reduction in lung functions during pregnancy in polluted areas.

Keywords:
Longitudinal study, Air pollution, Spirometry, Lung functions during pregnancy