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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

A study of 2nd to 4th digit ratio (2D:4D) in relation to hypertension in north Indian males and its implications for risk factors in coronary heart disease

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Author Details: Ravinder Kumar Yadav, Manju Bala

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 24

Article End Page : 26


The index finger to ring finger ratio (2D:4D) of the hands are affected by prenatal sex steroids. Furthermore, 2D:4D ratio is related to myocardial infarction and coronary artery diseases ,however no research has reported the relationship between the 2D:4D ratio and hypertension in Indian male. In this study, we examined 2D:4D finger length ratio in 100 Indian male with history of hypertension and 100 controls without history of hypertension. The 2D:4D ratio was more in hypertensive group and p value was statistically significant in control & hypertensive group. It was higher in left hand among both the groups. This finding supports the suggestion of 2D:4Dratio to serve as a predictor for hypertension which is the major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases.

Hypertension, 2D:4D, coronary artery disease