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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Body Mass Index an Important Anthropometric Parameter to Predict Health-Risk in Adult Population of Bastar Region of Chhattisgarh: A cross sectional study at GMC Jagdalpur


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Author Details: Mohammad Mujahid Ansari, M. Ashraf Khan, R. K. Zargar

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 72

Article End Page : 77


Abstract

Obesity can be defined as a condition where there is an excess of body fat.Body Mass Index(BMI) an important anthropometric parameter to assess the obesity of an individual. Body mass index is a number indicates person’s body fat calculated from person body weight and height. Anthropometric measurement i.e. Calculation of BMI is very less expensive, convenient method for calculating the body fat. In the current scenario cardiovascular disease and the metabolic disorders are the most serious and immediate health problem in many countries nowadays. For cardiovascular and metabolic diseases the major risk factor is obesity. Diseases that affect overweight and obese people include angina, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes mallitus, hyprtension, hypercholesterolemia, metabolic syndrome, gall stones, stroke, cancer, reproductive diseases and sleep apnea. People who are underweight may suffer from eating disorder such as anorexia (not eating enough), bulimia (overeating and purging), stress and mental disorder. The underweight people are at risk of several BMI related diseases. People with a low BMI are likely to develop a weakened immunity system, leaving them at a higher risk for other infections. Being underweight also increases chances of developing osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease. In a recent survey done in Chennai, about 15% of children and adolescents are overweight. As per WHO estimation, there are more than 300 million obese and 200 million diabetic people in world. In addition there are 800 million overweight but not obese (BMI between 25-30). The present study was performed on 500(Normal and diseased) adult population of Bastar region (Chhattisgarh) to calculate BMI by which we can assess and predict the health risk in this population. In our BMI study at Bastar region of chattisgarh percentage of BMI was found to be more in diseased subject rather than normal subject. By our study it can be concluded that in contrast to control the diseased population is having more percentage of Overweigh, Obesity gr. I, Obesity gr. II & Obesity gr. III than normal subjects.

Keywords: Body Mass Index, Cardiovascular disease, Obesity, Overweight, Anthropometric parameter, Underweight