Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

Growth Impairment and Dental Caries in Thalassemia Major Patiens

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Author Details: Manali Arora, SM Nayeemuddin, Surajit Ghatak, Brijendra Singh

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 15

Article End Page : 21



Background: The aim of present study was to determine whether beta-thalassemia major is associated with an increased risk of growth retardation and dental caries.

Methods: Anthropometric measurement were used to study the physical growth of 50 thalassemic patients and compared with 50 age- matched healthy controls from Jodhpur district of Rajasthan. DMFT and DMFS scores were also measured and compared with age- matched controls.

Results: Both thalassemic diseases of male and female patients were shown to have statistically significant lower height, weight, body mass index, mid arm circumference, chest circumference and head circumference (but not height and head circumference in age group 2-10years) as compared to normal patients with comparable sex and ages. A highly significant difference was observed when all anthropometric parameters of thalassemic males and healthy males were compared but a non-significant difference was seen between thalassemic females and healthy females of control group.

Dental caries were significantly higher in thalassemics.

Conclusion: Thalassemia is associated with growth retardation and higher higher rates of dental caries.