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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Title Weight of human placenta and maternal and fetal parameters: An Observational study


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Author Details: Jadhav Bhaudas Khanderao, Sant Sudhir Madhukar, Pandave Harshal Tukaram

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 117

Article End Page : 119


Abstract

The aim of the study is to determine variations of human placental weight in live singleton term births and study their relationship with maternal and fetal parameters. Subjects were mothers of live, singleton, full term neonates delivered at the Tertiary care hospital Pune, Western Maharashtra between June 2010’ to June 2012.
To determine variations of placental weight, hundred fourteen healthy pregnant mothers without H/O blood pressure, diabetes and preeclampsia were prospectively observed in our tertiary care hospital during antenatal period until delivery and immediate post-partum period. Placental weight and birth weight of babies were measured by immediately after delivery by an electronic weighing scale. The mean of birth weight was 2726 gm. with a standard deviation (SD) of 323 gm. Placenta weight had a mean of 384.5 gm. (SD) of 81.6 gm.
Eighty seven percent of the mothers were between the age group of 20-30 years.  Most of the mothers were primigravida (40%) or second gravida (35%) and in 25% cases 3rd or onwards. In 49.12% cases the placental weight was between 300-400 gm. in 15.78% cases >300 gm. and in 27.19% cases was between 400 to 500 gm. There is no statistical association between placental weight and maternal and fetal parameters, though there is numerical difference.

Key Words:
 Placenta, Maternal and Fetal parameters