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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


A comparative study on cardiovascular parameters in Normal & Type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients


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Author Details: Syeda Samina, Saima Aziz

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 173

Article End Page : 176


Abstract

Diabetes is a long term disease with variable clinical manifestations and progression. Diabetic patients, if undiagnosed or inadequately treated, develop multiple chronic complications leading to irreversible disability and death. The present study was conducted at Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad during the year 2014-2015. The study was carried out in 50 Type-2 diabetic patients in the age group of 40-70 years with duration of diabetes ranging from 6 months to 20 years.  Control Group consists of 50 normal individuals who matched with diabetes in age, sex and socio economic condition as far as possible. Mean heart rate and arterial pressure was higher among diabetics compared with normal people but it was statistically not significant (p>0.05). In 50 Diabetic patients, the mean P-R interval is 0.136 with standard deviation of 0.124 which is shorter than normal people and the mean Q-T interval of Diabetic patients was found to be 0.4053 with standard deviation of 0.0228 which is prolonged, both of the ECG changes were statistically significant (p<0.05). In diabetic patients, there is increased need for regular health checkups especially of the cardiovascular system to prevent complications.

Keywords
: Diabetes mellitus, Cardiovascular changes, Heart rate, Mean arterial pressure, P-R interval, Q-T interval