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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Morphometric and Morphological Analysis of Height of Commissures of Normal Adult Human Formalin Fixed Mitral Valve


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Author Details: Abhijeet Yadav, Siddharth Shankar Roy

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 177

Article End Page : 181


Abstract

Human mitral valve have two commissures namely anteroloateral and posteromedial. These commissures have been useful to cardiothoracic surgeons at the time of mitral valve surgeries. Therefore, a study was conducted in the department of anatomy to analyze the height of both the commissures in fifty normal human adult formalin fixed mitral valve. The main objective of this study was to statistically analyze the heights of the commissures and to know the difference in various international studies performed. Average height of anterolateral commissure is 0.65 ± 0.14 cm in males and 0.60 ± 0.14 cm in case of females. The average height of the posteromedial commissures measures 0.72 ± 0.18 cm in male and 0.70 ± 0.18 cm in the female hearts. The measurements of height of anterolateral commissures in Indian formalin fixed hearts are less in comparison to their measurements in western subjects.

Keywords:
Anterolateral commissure, Posteromedial commissure, Mitralvalve, Formalin fixed