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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Examination evaluation and statistical analysis of human femoral anthropometry in Hyderabad and Secunderabad regions, India


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Author Details: Peter Ericson Lingamdenne, Pavani Marapaka

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 427

Article End Page : 432


Abstract

Background: Femur, the longest and strongest bone in the human body, presents many anatomical variations, influenced by race, region, gender, occupation, and diet. Complete knowledge of its anatomy is required to understand different pathologies affecting the femur and hip joint.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the osteometric measurements of the dry human femur of Hyderabad and Secunderabad population. Clinical relevance, correlation between these parameters, comparison with other population groups, along with review of literature is presented in this paper.
Materials and Methods: In this study anthropometric evaluation of 50 dry human femurs was done. Twelve parametric variables related to the femur were obtained from the head, neck, shaft, and distal end of the femur. The observed measurements were subjected to statistical analysis and the results are presented in this paper.
Results and Conclusion: The precise anthropometric measurements of the adult femur in the Hyderabad and Secunderabad regions are reported in this paper. This data could be helpful to understand the normal anatomy of femur, play an important role in the management of different pathologies affecting the femur and hip joint, assist in forensic cases, and contribute to demographic studies.

Keywords:
Femur, Head, Neck, Neck-shaft angle