Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Comparison of short term memory status before and after applying memory improvement methods and its effect on Gender


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Author Details: Arshiya Zeba, Khwaja Nawazuddin Sarwari

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 173

Article End Page : 176


Abstract

Learning is acquisition of information and memory is retention and storage of information. The process of learning is most essential to become academically more effective and memory status plays an important role. Thepresent study is aimed to establish that different memory improvement techniques can help to enhance and retain a particular object for longer time and also to see its influence on gender.
Materials and Method: Two hundred young healthy medical males and females of age group 18-25 years were randomly selected for this study (100 males and 100 females). Short term status by visual tasks before and after application of memory improvement methods by using words and objects were analyzed. Student’s paired ‘t’ test was used to analyze the memory status before and application of memory improvement methods. ‘Z’ test was used to compare the memory status between the various tests.
Results: There was statistically significant decrease in short term memory status in higher trials of test. Short term memory status for object test was significantly greater than word test. Statistically significant gender difference was observed in object test in which female showed better short term memory. There was statistically significant improvement in memory status after application of memory improvement methods in all subjects and more so in females.
Interpretation and Conclusion: progressive decrease in memory status in higher trials of word test is due to increase in number of bits or items more than seven as an individual can hold 7+2 bits of information. Short term memory status for object test was significantly better than word test which may be due to good sight, one’s relation with the world around. Females showed a significantly better object memory due to better attention, involvement in task and concentration.

Keywords:
Short term memory, Visual task, Object test, Word test, Learning and metamemory