Volume : 4
Issue : 2
Online ISSN : 2394-2126
Print ISSN : 2394-2118
Article First Page : 181
Article End Page : 184
Introduction: Congenital abnormalities of the kidneys and urinary tract play a major role in the morbidity and mortality. Many of these renal anomalies predispose to obstruction which lay lead to renal failure. We had in our study observed the different malformations in human kidneys among the adults human cadavers.
Materials and Method: 50 cadavers who died of renal failure and were scheduled for post mortem were included in the study. The position of the suprarenal gland and the upper poles of the kidneys, the size, shape and the kidneys, the arrangement of the attached structures such as the hilum, ureter, bladder abdominal aorta and the inferior vena cava were noted and recorded.
Results: Out of the 50 cadavers that were included into the study, 5 of them had congenital renal anomaly accounting for 10% of the deaths due to renal failure in adults. All the patients were between 40–60 years of age. There were two cases of lobulated kidney, one horse – shoe shaped kidney, one case of congenital hypoplasia and one 7 shaped left kidney.
Conclusion: Renal anomalies are one of the common congenital anomalies which may remain unnoticed till adulthood. Of them, renal agenesis, horseshoe kidneys, renal hypoplasia and lobulated kidneys are relatively predominant.
Keywords: Congenital renal anomalies, Cadavers, renal hypoplasia, Lobulated kidney, Horseshoe kidney