Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


High termination of brachial artery with tortuous superficial radial and ulnar arteries: Anatomical perspectives and clinical implications


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Author Details: Rashmi Malhotra, Rajani Singh, Munish Wadhawan, Manu Malhotra

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 284

Article End Page : 287


Abstract

Introduction: Upper limb arterial tree variations have being drawing attention of anatomists and surgeons since ages owing to the clinical significance attached to them. The main artery of the arm is the brachial artery which after giving branches to it terminates in the forearm.
Aim: The present study aims at exploring the gross anatomy, embryological and applied aspects of the high termination of the brachial artery.
Materials and Method: An unusually high termination of brachial artery into its terminal branches radial and ulnar arteries was noted during routine dissection in the upper part of the arm at AIIMS Rishikesh. The course, branches and relations of these arteries were studied and assessed in the light of available literature.
Conclusion: High termination of the brachial artery implicates a huge applied importance for radiologists, physicians, orthopaedic surgeons. So, encountering such variations might be possible during diagnosis, surgical procedures or interpreting angiograms of the upper limb.

Keywords:
Brachial Artery, High bifurcation, Radial Artery, Ulnar Artery, Tortuous