Volume : 4
Issue : 4
Online ISSN : 2394-2126
Print ISSN : 2394-2118
Article First Page : 457
Article End Page : 459
Introduction: Morphological parameters of proximal femur are required in orthopaedic management of disorders of hip joint, to radiologists in diagnosis of disorder of hip joint and during production of implants. Implants are required for total hip replacement need appropriate implant size to avoid complications.
Context and purpose of study: Morphological variations are present due to genetics, lifestyle & physique. Western hip implants do not match with Indian hip joints. Present study will help in preparing hip implants for south Indian population. CT scans of hip joints of 32 male and 28 female between age group 60 to 70 years were studied in period of six months. Diameter of head of femur, length of neck of femur, width of neck of femur and neck shaft angle of femur were found out from 120 hip joint CT scan images from 32 males and 28 females between age groups 60 years to 70 years. Mean, range, standard deviation calculated. The probability value was determined by chi-Square test.
Result: Mean femoral head diameter in male was 41.2 +/- 4.8 mm and in female it was 35.7 +/- 3.5mm.
Mean femoral neck length in male was 89.3 +/- 4.3 mm and in female it was 78.7 +/- 3.5mm.
Mean femoral neck width in male was 27.8 +/- 4.6 mm and in female it was 24.0 +/- 3.7mm.
Mean femoral neck shaft angle in male was 130.5 +/- 4.5 mm and in female it was 127.4 +/- 3.8 mm.
Conclusion: Morphometric difference is seen in present study and previous studies due to different lifestyle and physique. present study will be useful for radiologists in diagnosing disorders of hip joint, for orthopaedic surgeons in management of disorders of hip joint and in designing implants of hip joint for south Indian populations.
Keywords: Hip joint, Implants, Proximal femur