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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Congenital renal abnormalities in fetuses: a study in a teaching institute


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Author Details: Pabbati Raji Reddy

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 465

Article End Page : 467


Abstract

Introduction: The term renal malformations include a number of development aberrations which include structural and developmental anomalies. Renal agenesis, Renal dysplasia, hypoplasia and polycystic kidney disease are some of the renal anomalies.
Materials and Method: The approximate age, sex and crown rump length were recorded for the 50 foetuses included in the study. The embalmed fetuses were dissected as per protocol and anomalies were recorded. The size, shape and the kidneys, the arrangement of the attached structures such as the hilum, ureter, bladder abdominal aorta and the inferior vena cava were noted and recorded.
Results: out of the 50 foetuses 29 were males and 21 were females. 2 of the fetuses had abnormal kidneys, out of which, one was male with Right Renal agenesis and the other was female with congenital polycystic kidney. The surface of both the kidneys of the male fetus showed cysts which looked like gas bubbles, thereby showing the presence of congenital polycystic kidney. There was agenesis observed in the right kidney and ureter in the female fetus while the left kidney was normal.
Conclusion: Although the renal anomalies are relatively uncommon, it is better for early detection so that corrective measures can be taken either pre or postnatally.

Keywords
: Renal abnormality, Renal agenesis, Congenital polycystic renal disease, Fetus

Doi No:-10.18231