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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


A comparative study of cognitive function by using MOCA score and functional physical activity by using 6 minute walk test among elderly diabetic and non-diabetic


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Author Details: Purushothama.S.M., Divya.A.J., Revathidevi.M.L., Manjunath.S.N.

Volume : 5

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 134

Article End Page : 137


Abstract

Introduction and Objective: The prevalence and incidence of DM increase with aging.DM is associated with increased risk for mild cognitive impairment in elderly and have low exercise capacity in higher age, so it necessitates this study. The objective was to assess, compare and correlate MOCA score and 6 minute walk distance among elderly diabetic and elderly non diabetics.
Materials and Methods: This study included 50 cases and 50 controls who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria .Both cases and control were asked to perform the 6 minute walk test according to American thoracic society guidelines and distance walked in 6 minutes is noted in meters and they were asked to answer some written and oral questionnaire using Montreal cognitive assessment score (MOCA) and score obtained were noted. The distance walked is compared among diabetic and non diabetic elderly by independent ‘t’ test and MOCA score are compared among diabetic and non diabetic elderly using chi square test.
Results: The result showed that there is no statistical significant difference in cognitive function assessment by using MOCA score among diabetic and non diabetic elderly (using chi square test, p value =0.41). There is statistical significant difference (with p value < 0.001) in distance walked in 6 min walk test among diabetic and non diabetic elderly. There is no significant correlation between MOCA score and 6 min walk test among the both groups.
Conclusion: The cognitive function test by MOCA score is not correlated with the functional physical activity among diabetic and non diabetic elderly population.

Keywords: 6 Minute Walk test, Cognitive function test- MOCA, Elderly Diabetic, Elderly Non diabetic.

 

Doi No:-10.18231/2394-2126.2018.0030