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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


A cadaveric study of variations in the branches of popliteal artery in South Indian population


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Abstract

Introduction: Popliteal artery gains much importance because of the clinical conditions encountered and the surgeries carried out in the region of popliteal fossa. The variations in the branching pattern of popliteal artery is observed and studied by many as the knowledge of its variations will be of relavence during the vascular surgeries, fasciocutaneous flaps and surgeries of knee.
Materials and Methods:  Present study is conducted on 50 lower limb specimens belonging to the department of Anatomy of Karuna medical college by detailed dissection and tracing of all its branches.
Results and Discussion: Two out of 50 specimens showed the presence of superficial sural artery accompanying the sural nerve very rare but very important one. No variation in the course of the popliteal artery was encountered. Trifurcation of popliteal artery was not encountered in the present study.
Conclusion: The present study shows the importance of the superficial cutaneous branch of the popliteal artery with respect to the fasciocutaneous flaps an important finding for the plastic surgeons &  surgeries where fasciocutaneous free and pedicled flaps can be raised over the superficial cutaneous branches of Popliteal artery.

Keywords: Superficial sural artery, Fasciocutaneous flaps, Superficial sural artery flap.

Doi No:-10.18231/2394-2126.2018.0050