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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Two Dimensional Ultrasonographic Study of Placental Maturity and Its Correlation with Gestational Age and Maternal Parameters


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Author Details: Mumal Nagwani, Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Urmila Singh, Anita Rani, Seema Malhotra

Volume : 2

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 148

Article End Page : 153


Abstract

Background: Placenta being a fetal organ shares the same stress and strain, to which the fetus is exposed. Thus any disease process affecting the mother and fetus also has a great impact on placenta. The purpose of the present study was to determine the changes and growth of placenta with advancing age of fetus in our population in third trimester of pregnancy. The correlation of placentalmaturity with maternal factors (maternal age and parity) was also determined.

Methods: This was an ultrasonographic study, conducted on 100 women (belonging to third trimester of pregnancy) coming to antenatal clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Queen Mary’s Hospital, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow. Cases having any obstetrical, gynaecological, medical or surgical illnesses were excluded. Maturity grade of placenta was determined.
Results: The frequencies of grade 0, grade I, grade II and grade III placental maturity were 1%, 6%, 46% and 47% respectively.
Conclusion: The p-value was highly significant; therefore, there was significant difference in maturity grade of placenta among different gestational groups.

Key Words: Placenta, Placental maturity, Ultrasonography of placenta, Placental Abnormalities