Volume : 6
Issue : 1
Online ISSN : 2394-2126
Print ISSN : 2394-2118
Article First Page : 5
Article End Page : 9
Introduction: Many studies had shown blood groups associations with different manifestations of cardiovascular diseases, majority of them showed relationship of blood group with coronary artery disease. Since hypertension was multi-factorial, familial occurrence of primary hypertension, recommended that certain genetic factors responsible for hypertension development. The ABO blood group distribution system would provide much valuable information for early detection of susceptible peoples.
Aim: To study the pattern of ABO blood group and its association with the blood pressure in normal population of Agra.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted in normal population of Agra city, who were willing to participate in the study. By using multistage random sampling, total 1200 participants aged 25–50 years selected in this study. ABO blood group relation with blood pressure analysed among commonest age groups of 25–35 years old.
Results: Mean age of the participants in current study was 35.66±8.2 years and majority were 25–35 years old (n=666). Male participants were in majority (63%). Distribution of blood group in decreasing orders were B (38.6%) > O (28.5%) > A (24.2%) > AB (8.7%). Pre-hypertension was present in 66.2% participants and Hypertension in 12.2% participants. There was statistically significant association of ABO blood group with gender and blood pressure.
Conclusion: Blood group B was more commonly present comparing to other blood groups in Agra district. Hypertension had statistically significant relationship with gender and ABO blood group that suggest it might had some genetic basis.
Keywords: ABO blood group, Gender, Hypertension.