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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Elevated ramification of arterial brachialis and its quantifiable impact


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Karishma Sharma*,Prashant Prasad,M S Ansari,K S Ravi,Brijendra Singh

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 158

Article End Page : 161


Abstract

Introduction: Knowledge of variations play significant role in medical sciences and surgical outcome. Discrepancy of arterial Brachialis should be known and kept in mind of radiologists, surgeons during surgical procedures, reconstructive surgeries, measuring blood pressure. So to prevent any accidental detriment, cognizance and scrutiny of anatomical variation is very important.
Materials and Methods: Prevalent engagement was carried out on 12 upper limbs of 6 cadavers, during dissection in Branch of Anatomy, AIIMS Rishikesh, independent of age and sex. All dissections was done as per Cunningham handy guidebook of Anatomy, during dissection for undergraduate students. Variations were observed and noted.
Observation and Result: Arm length varied from 29 to 35 cm on right or left side. Branching pattern was uniform in (100 per cent cases) of left arm, arterial Brachialis was splitted in Radial and Ulnar artery in cubital fossa. But in right limb 4 (66.70 per cent) constrains of divarication was in cubital-fossa, 1(16.70 per cent) in middle third arm and 1 (16.70 per cent) cases in upper third arm directed to the acromian process.
Conclusion: We noted that disparity in arterial brachialis is frequent. There is no compelling association between arm- magnitude and the level of Arterial brachialis partition. Association of Anatomical disparity in branching outline of arterial Brachialis is vital to avert unintended injury to blood vessel during any interventional clinical procedure.

Keywords: Arterial brachialis, Cubital fossa, Bifurcation, Arm, Cadaver.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijcap.2019.036