Volume : 3
Issue : 4
Online ISSN : 2394-6377
Print ISSN : 2394-6369
Article First Page : 429
Article End Page : 432
Background: There are many reports regarding renal stone disease, which have documented that it is a complex disease process and widely distributed in developed as well as developing world with varied chemical constitution of these stones in relation to a varied risk factors. The present study was designed to qualitatively investigate the chemical constitution of the renal stones in the rural population of South Solapur, Maharashtra and also to study the dietary habits and water used for drinking purpose in renal stone patients.
Method: The study was conducted on a total of 130 renal stone patients, comprising 90 males and 40 females, selected from Ashwini Rural Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kumbhari, Solapur, Maharashtra.
Results: The analysis of chemical composition of renal stones showed that all the analysed stones were of different types. Carbonate was predominantly present (96.1%) which was followed by uric acid (94.6%), calcium (92.3%), phosphate (83.8%), oxalate (52.3%), ammonia (44.6%) and cystine (23.0%). The relative frequency of urolithiasis was more (67.6%) in patients who used ground water for drinking purpose as well as in those with a non-vegetarian diet (73.8%).
Conclusion: The study concludes that simple qualitative chemical analysis helps us to evaluate chemical composition of renal stones and serves as a reliable diagnostic marker. Thus it can be useful in advising people for taking preventive measures.
Keywords: Renal stone disease, Chemical analysis, Dietary habits