International Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Research


HYPERTENSION AND DIABETES IN INDIA: A REVIEW


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Author Details: Smita S. Swami, Sanjay C. Swami, Vinayak W. Patil, Anuradha M. Kanhere

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6377

Print ISSN : 2394-6369

Article First Page : 54

Article End Page : 58


Abstract

Hypertension (HT) Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are among the most common chronic non-communicable diseases and multifactorial disorders affecting both developed and developing countries, including India. Although DM and HT are not among the top leading causes of death, such as cancer and stroke, these two diseases draw attention from the public due to their increasing trends. The presence of hypertension in diabetic patients substantially increases the risks of coronary heart disease, stroke, nephropathy and retinopathy. When HT coexists with DM, the risk of CVD is increased by 75%, which further contributes to the overall morbidity and mortality of already high risk population. India contributes a lion’s share in the diabetic and hypertensive population. This needs to be tackled with proper awareness and proper government policies. The current review article throws light on comorbidity of HT and DM and its current scenario in India.