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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology

A Study of Various Etiological Factors in the Causation of Melasma

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Author Details: Krishnendra Verma, Kiran Kumre, Harsh Sharma, Ujwal Singh

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-4729

Print ISSN : 2581-4710

Article First Page : 28

Article End Page : 32


Background: Melasma is an acquired pigmentary disorder characterized by symmetrical hyper pigmented macules on the face.
Aim: To study the role of various etiological factors in the causation of melasma in female patients.
Objectives: To find out the etiological factors of melasma in female patients attending Dermatology OPD of C.R.G.H. within 1 year by interviewing them.
Patients & Methods: Sixty -six female patients suffering from melasma, between the ages of 15-45 years, were enrolled in the study and detailed history of each patient was taken.
Results: Etiological factors like sun exposure, pregnancy, contraceptive use, familial tendency, cosmetic use, stress and emotional factors play an important role in the development of melasma.

Key Words: Melasma, chloasma, melanosomes, OCPs