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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


Trend of sexually transmitted infections in HIV seropositive and seronegative male patients attending STD clinic at a tertiary care centre


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Author Details: Sathish S, Leelavathy B, Sacchidanand Sarvajnamurthy Aradhya

Volume : 2

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2581-4729

Print ISSN : 2581-4710

Article First Page : 45

Article End Page : 49


Abstract

Introduction: HIV infection is emerging as one of the major health problems faced by the clinicians across the world, more so because of the co-existence of many sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among HIV infected patients. Untreated STIs increases the risk of both acquisition and transmission of HIV infection by ten folds. Hence, the present study was undertaken to determine the current trend of STIs among male patients attending STI clinics and their association with HIV infection.
Methods and Material: A total of 100 patients who visited the STD clinic with complaints of sexually transmitted infections were included in the study. A detailed history, clinical examination and relevant investigations including HIV test were done to diagnose the infection. The results were tabulated by dividing the study subjects into two groups (HIV positive and Negative group).
Results: Most of the patients were in reproductive age group, majority of them had multiple sex partners, and condom usage rate was very low. Viral infections like Genital herpes and genital wart were the most common STI s. A significant association was seen between viral STI s and HIV infection. No significant association were seen between ulcerative STI s and HIV infections.
Conclusions: Trend of STIs has gradually changed over the years, with decline in the incidence of bacterial infections and increase in the prevalence of viral infections. There is increased association of viral STI s with HIV positive patients.

Key-words:
Human Immuno deficiency virus, Sexually transmitted infections, Herpes simplex virus, Human papilloma virus.

Key Messages:
Information, education and counselling regarding safe sex practices in high risk groups, who are at risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV & STIs, plays a key step in prevention and control of STDs. Early diagnosis and prompt institution of Anti-retroviral therapy in HIV patients will go a long way in improving the quality of life and reducing the morbidity and mortality in these populations