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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


Clinico-epidemiological study of viral infections among sexually transmitted infections in male patients at a tertiary care centre


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Author Details: Sathish S, Leelavathy B., Sacchidanand Sarvagnamurthy Aradhya, Nataraj HV

Volume : 2

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2581-4729

Print ISSN : 2581-4710

Article First Page : 50

Article End Page : 52


Abstract

Background: Viral sexually transmitted infections (STI s) such as human papilloma virus (HPV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections constitute an increasing proportion of the STI burden as an effective curative therapy is not available, which is in contrast to bacterial STI s where effective antibiotics are available as a curative therapy. Of particular concern is acquisition and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and its implications.
Aims and objectives: To study the trend of viral STIs among male STI patients attending a tertiary care centre.
Methods and Material: It was prospective hospital based study conducted at tertiary care centre. The study included 135 male STI patients. A detailed history including sexual history, high risk behavior was taken and complete head to toe clinical examination was done. Patients were also subjected to ELISA for HIV 1&2 antibodies, VDRL, and other investigations relevant to STI s.
Statistical analysis used: Descriptive statistics.
Results: A total of 135 male patients with STIs was included in the study and 64% of them had viral STIs, and rest 36% had non-viral STIs which included 56 cases of genital herpes, 25 of genital wart, 17 candidal balanoposthitis.
Conclusions: In our study, viral STI s were the most common STI s. Genital herpes was the most common among viral STI’s followed by genital wart and molluscum contagiosum.

Key-words:
Human Immuno deficiency virus, Genital herpes, Genital wart, molluscum contagiosum, Viral Sexually transmitted infections.

Key Messages:
Viral STIs are emerging as the most common STIs. Genital herpes is the most common among viral STIs. Majority of them are still not aware of safe sex practices like; condom usage, single partner and implications of it like STI s & HIV. Importance of IEC activities and safe sexual practices go a long way in containing the spread of sexually transmitted infections