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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


“Cutaneous manifestations in chronic renal failure patients on haemodialysis”


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Author Details: Swathi K, Purnachandra B, Subbarao D, Ramachandra BV

Volume : 2

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2581-4729

Print ISSN : 2581-4710

Article First Page : 111

Article End Page : 114


Abstract

Introduction: Chronic renal failure presents with wide range of cutaneous manifestations. Many newer changes have been described since the advent of haemodialysis which prolongs the life expectancy giving time for these changes to manifest.
Aims & Objectives: To find the array of various dermatological conditions that can occur in patients of CRF on haemodialysis.
Materials and Methods: A total 100 patients with chronic renal failure on haemodialysis and having at least single cutaneous manifestation was included in the study.
Results: Of the total 82% of the patients complained of certain skin problems however on examination all patients had at least one skin problem attributable to chronic renal failure. The most prevalent finding among them was Xerosis (52%), Pruritus (32%), Diffuse cutaneous hyperpigmentation (22%), Kyrle’s disease (71%) of the total of acquired reactive perforating dermatosis(7%), Fungal infections (16%), Bacterial infections (10%) and Viral in (10%), Purpura (3%) and other Dermatosis (13%).The nail changes observed were Half and Half nails (20%), Koilonychia (18%), Onychomycosis (15%), Sub-ungual hyperkeratosis (8%), Beaus lines (2%) .Hair changes were sparse body hair (10%), dry lustreless hair (4%), and sparse scalp hair (10%). Oral changes observed were Ulcerative stomatitis (29%), Angular chelitis (12%. Other manifestations of CRF observed were like gynaecomastia, psuedokaposis sarcoma, and nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy.
Conclusion: CRF is associated with a complex array of cutaneous manifestations caused either by the disease or by the treatment. The early recognition of cutaneous signs can relieve suffering and decrease morbidity.

Keywords:
Chronic renal failure, Haemodialysis, Pruritus, Xerosis, Kyrles disease, Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy