IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


A clinical study of dermatological manifestations in geriatric patients in Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital and Research Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana, India


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Author Details: Syed Yousuf Ali, G. Sukumar Reddy, Potluri Sravanthi

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-4729

Print ISSN : 2581-4710

Article First Page : 24

Article End Page : 28


Abstract

The geriatric population is continuously growing, which leads to more aged patients attending to dermatology outpatient. The aim of this study is to determine the dermatological complaints of the elderly.
A total of 200 patients aged 60 years and above were studied for cutaneous changes associated with ageing. A detailed history was recorded and complete examination carried out. Relevant investigations were performed, whenever indicated, after obtaining informed consent.
The majority of patients were found to be in the age group of 60 to 69 years, of these 63% were males and 37% females. Majority were associated with systemic illnesses, the most common being hypertension and diabetes mellitus.
In total of 200 patients pruritus was the commonest complaint in 124(62%) patients. Followed by infective dermatoses in 86(43%) of the total dermatoses. A variety of cutaneous lesions were observed among which the commonest was, seborrhoeic keratosis 46(23%). Fungal infections were noted in 46(23%), bacterial infections were in 32(16%) and 14(7%) cases had viral infections. Psoriasis was observed in 39(19.5%). Hair disorders were noted in 104(52%) and nail disorders were seen in 86(43%) cases. Malignancy was noted in 2(1%) cases.
Most of the skin problems in the elderly are noted by this study that would help improve the quality of life among the elderly and, in case of a disorder, lead to early diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords:
Geriatric, Pruritus, Infective dermatoses