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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


A study of paediatric dermatoses in tertiary care center, Gandhinagar, Gujarat


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Author Details: Kalpesh M Prajapati, Bela Padhiar

Volume : 4

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2581-4729

Print ISSN : 2581-4710

Article First Page : 179

Article End Page : 184


Abstract

Introduction: Pediatric dermatology is an important branch of dermatology that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of skin diseases occurring in infancy, childhood, and adolescence.
Aims:The present study was conducted to find out the pattern and prevalence of various dermatosis among the paediatric age group.
Materials and Methods: This is prospective, cross sectional study. A total 2456 patients were recruited in 1-14 year of age, who presented with dermatosis in dermatology clinic of GMERS medical college, Gandhinagar. The study was conducted from March 2016 to February 2017(12 Months), and diagnosis was made based on clinical examination and necessary investigation if required.
Results: Males were outnumbered female in present study with ratio of 1.45:1. The majority of patients were in the age group of >6-14 year (44.09%). Infections and infestations were most common constituting 65.19% followed by eczema and dermatitis group of disorder constituting 12.02% (n=324). Appendageal disorder constitutes 6.42% (n=173) followed by cutaneous vascular response (4.27%), nutritional dermatosis (2.67%), pigmentary disorder (2.15%), keratinization disorder (2.0%) and papulosquamous disorder (1.89%). Least common disorder include nevi, genodermatoses, collagen vascular disorder and vesiculobullous diorde.
Conclusion: This study helps us to know the prevalence of skin diseases in pediatric age group and thus we can take adequate measures for their prevention and treatment in this region.

Keywords: Paediatric, Dermtoses, Infections and Infestations.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2581-4729.2018.0040