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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Epidemiology of chronic dacryocystitis with special reference to socioeconomic status: A rural hospital study


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Author Details: Surendra P. Wadgaonkar, Preeti A. Patil, Dhiraj B. Nikumbh, Sonam S. Rathod, Chetan M. Sawat

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 52

Article End Page : 56


Abstract

Background: Dacryocystitis is an infection and inflammation of the lacrimal sac and most common cause of ocular morbidity in India. It’s accounting for 87.1% of epiphora and causes social discomfort due to continuous watering from the eyes. It is more common in Whites than in Negros and more common in India as being tropical country. It has higher incidence among lower socioeconomic status.
Objective: To find out occurrence of Dacryocystitis in patients belonging to various socio-economic groups and to correlate Dacryocystitis with socioeconomical status.
Material & Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional hospital based study which performed during the months of June and September, 2014 in the department of Ophthalmology of ACPM Medical College, Dhule, and Maharashtra, India.
Results: Maximum number of cases of chronic Dacryocystitis belongs to the seventh decade of life. Chronic Dacryocystitis affected females predominantly. Chronic Dacryocystitis were observed in majority of patients belongs to class V & III socioeconomic status of modified B.G. Prasad Classification, and observed more in wage traders followed by farmers.
Conclusion: Most of the people consider watering from eyes as minor discomfort and avoid themselves from presenting to ophthalmologist as they are unaware of the deleterious complication. So the present study was taken up in Dhule district to create awareness of morbid condition. It’s early diagnosis and treatment is always warranted to avoid complication and need for surgical intervention.

Keywords:
Chronic Dacryocystitis, Epidemiology, Socioeconomical