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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Correlation of diabetic retinopathy with hypertension


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Author Details: Waris A, Ansari NN

Volume : 2

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 395

Article End Page : 397


Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is internationally on a pandemic. India is the diabetic capital of the world. With growing stress and life style changes hypertension too is on the rise. The same group of patients are afflicted by both the diseases. We tried to find any direct relation between diabetic retinopathy and hypertension. About 40% of patient suffering from DM are also hypertensive. The percentage is as high as 60% at 75 years of age.(1) The “United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS)” has successfully revealed the worsening of diabetic retinopathy with badly controlled hypertension.(1,2) The study strongly advocates that a tight control of blood pressure reduces the incidence of diabetic retinopathy to a great extent.(3,4)

Keywords:
Diabetic retinopathy (DR), Diabetic mellitus (DM), Hypertension, Hyperglycemia