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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Glaucoma awareness in rural population – A hospital based study


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Author Details: Sudhir Babu Padgul, Pragna Rao D, G Amaresh

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 42

Article End Page : 44


Abstract

Background: Early diagnosis and treatment of Glaucoma reduces the visual disability and recovers the quality of vision and life. In country like India where 70% of population is in the rural areas awareness of glaucoma makes lot of difference in the prevention, early diagnosis and management of the disease.
Methods: This is a cross sectional hospital based study of 1200 patients aged above 20 years of age. Data was collected through face to face interview by a structured survey in the language patient better understood. Questions concerning awareness and knowledge about of glaucoma, source of knowledge and awareness were collected. The data were entered in MS excel and expressed using percentage.
Results: Among 1200 subjects, 14%(168)were aware and 86%(1032) were unaware of glaucoma. Out of 168 aware subjects, employees and students had better awareness of glaucoma i.e. 50% and 25%, respectively. 35.7% subjects who were aware of glaucoma belonged to higher Socioeconomic Status. Media was the major source of knowledge among aware group (52.3%). 34.5% of subjects believed regular follow up was necessary in glaucoma. 73.8% of subjects were unaware of blindness as end result of untreated glaucoma.
Conclusion: Awareness of glaucoma among elderly and illiterates is poor, proper health education spreading the awareness of glaucoma in rural area is the need of the hour.

Keywords:
Glaucoma, Socio economic status, Health education