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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


KAP study on Diabetic Retinopathy amongst the paramedic nursing students


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Author Details: Niharika K. Shetty, Satya Swapnika

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 85

Article End Page : 90


Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus, particularly type II, is a major public health concern worldwide. It is estimated to increase approximately by 150%, from 30 million in 2000, to 80 million in 2030. Early screening and intervention is the key to treatment. Bridging the gap between the patients and ophthalmologists can be done by the paramedic staff, who can sensitize the patients towards the disease and refer the patients and susceptible relatives for screening.
Materials and Methods: Closed ended questionnaire specific to Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding to diabetic retinopathy were handed to the final year GNM and BSc nursing students of. These students would be the paramedic care providers at various organizations, hence this population was selected. There were 4 questions in knowledge evaluation, each question was evaluated as a correct or an incorrect response. There were 3 questions in the attitude evaluation which were evaluated again as a correct or incorrect response. Total number of 3 questions in the practice evaluation were grade as good practice or a bad practice.
The observations were evaluated on percentage basis and the conclusions were drawn.
Conclusions: It was found that Knowledge regarding morbidity caused by diabetes was good in most of the participants.
The evaluation of attitude based question showed that, the attitude towards diabetics for morbidity screening was good. Also the treatment options of diabetic retinopathy was appropriately chosen. However only 36% promoted screening in a asymptomatic patient for diabetic retinopathy, which was a poor attitude. However 70% of the respondents were unaware that diabetic retinopathy is not curable.

Keywords:
Attitude, Diabetic retinopathy, Hypertension, Knowledge, Lasers, Nephropathy, Practice