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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity at tertiary care centre in Southern Rajasthan


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Author Details: Rishi Mehta, Sharda Punjabi, Rachana Jain, Nutan Bedi, Chandra Kant Nagar

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 147

Article End Page : 149


Abstract

Introduction: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a proliferative retinopathy and a disease of premature infants. As the awareness about the risk factors increases amongst the neonatologist and ophthalmologist, adequate screening of preterm infants is being performed at tertiary care centers which can lead to a reduction in prevalence of ROP.
Materials and Methods: 69 preterm infants born 34 week or birth weight 1700grams from January2015 to December 2016 were screened for ROP. Fundus was examined by indirect ophthalmoscopy with scleral indentation. Data was analyzed and the prevalence was calculated.
Results: Out of total 69 infants, males were 43 (62.31%). Mean gestational age among males and females (in weeks) was 28.66 and 29.20 respectively. Mean birth weight among males and females (in grams) was 1346.90 and 1284.40 respectively. Prevalence of ROP was 1.44%.
Conclusion: Prevalence of ROP is decreasing at tertiary care centers.

Keywords:
Retinopathy of prematurity, Prevalence, Tertiary care centre, Gestational age, Birth weight