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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Prevalence of visual disability due to refractive errors in patients with cerebral palsy


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Author Details: Jasmine Mary Jacob, Sheldon Goudinho

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 198

Article End Page : 201


Abstract

Cerebral palsy a diagnostic term to describe a group of motor disorders of early brain development.(1,2) Children with cerebral palsy should be treated and rehabilitated so that they can live in an inclusive society where their potential life skills and scholastic performance can be far greater as compared to when isolated from society.(3,4)
Objectives: (1). To assess the visual acuity in children with cerebral palsy and to estimate the degree of visual disability due to refractive errors. (2). To find association between refractive errors and type of cerebral palsy. 80 children were included in this cross sectional hospital based study. A detailed eye examination was done by an ophthalmologist. Refractive errors were present in 52 patients. Astigmatism was the most common refractive error accounting for 38.8 % of the cases. Degree of visual disability was assessed in these children.18.75% of the cases had 100% visual impairment; 41.5% of the cases had 20% visual impairment. There was no significant association for refractive error with type of cerebral palsy in our study (p=0.543). The most common defects causing disability in children with cerebral palsy are amenable to treatment. The identification of visual defects and their timely treatment may have a bearing on the child’s education.

Keywords:
Cerebral Palsy, Visual Disability, Visual Acuity

Doi No:-10.18231