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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Correlation of onset of presbyopia with smoking habit: A hospital based study


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Author Details: Kavita Parekh, Atul Modesara

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 467

Article End Page : 469


Abstract

Introduction: Throughout the area around the world very less research are performed on presbyopia with smoking habit. The present study was considered with an aim to decide the prevalence of presbyopia between smokers and non smoker’s patients in Bhuj district.
Materials & Methods: Out of the total 400 patient included, they were divided into two groups, Group 1 consist of 200 sample patients having habit of smoking regularly and rest 200 were included in the control group. Ohthalmic examination that includes colour vision, Snellen Visual acuity and examination of fundus was done in all the patients. Standard projected eye charts with black letters were used to obtain Snellen visual activity. Subjective refraction was performed with and without spectacles, first on right side and then on left side of eye of all patients.
Results: Significant correlation was found between addiction of smoking and that of presbyopia with P≤0.02. When the dissimilarity was measured between onset of age and earlier succession of presbyopia between smokers and non smokers Statistical significance was found between two groups.
Discussion & Conclusion: In a society having psychosomatic disorder it’s common to have presbyopia at an early age. Occurrence of hypertension, head ache and gastritis are an early indication presbyopia. Along with the above described factors, others factors that can cause early onset of presbyopia are nutritional deficiencies, systemic diseases and other environmental factors.

Keywords: Hospital, Presbyopia, Smoking, Visual Defect

Doi No:-10.18231