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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


A study of ocular manifestations of diabetes mellitus in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Pondicherry


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Author Details: Amod Hansdak*,Nivedha S. Raman,Elfride Farokh Sanjana

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 469

Article End Page : 472


Abstract

Introduction: This study was undertaken to find out the ocular manifestations of diabetes mellitus among diabetics reporting to a tertiary health care facility in Pondicherry.
Materials and Methods: Seventy diabetic patients reporting to Ophthalmology outpatient department were studied during the months of August and September 2017. A predesigned questionnaire was used to interview the diabetics, anterior segment examination was carried out using torchlight and slit lamp, and +90D lens was used for fundus examination. The findings were recorded and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and Epidata respectively.
Result: Most of the study subjects belonged to the age group 41-70 years, literate, employed, and middle income group. Cataract and retinopathy were found to be higher in those with more than 10 years’ duration of diabetes.
Conclusion: Healthcare providers need to focus their efforts on preventive measures to delay the onset of complications of diabetes. The importance of screening for diabetes and diabetic retinopathy and regular follow-up cannot be overemphasized in order to reduce the burden of disease and its devastating consequences.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Diabetic retinopathy, Risk factors.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2395-1451.2018.0105