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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Assessment of Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in an Urban Population of district Bareilly


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Author Details: Mohammad Suhail Khan, Atul Kumar Singh, Shyam Bihari Gupta, Sumit Saxena, Sonam Maheshwari

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 5

Article End Page : 9


Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes exhibits the iceberg phenomenon i.e. the burden of disease is much higher than what we see. Today in this world of industrialisation, prevalence of diabetes is increasing day by day. In urban population prevalence of diabetes is more as compared to rural population. It is estimated that there are currently 285 million people with diabetes worldwide and this number is set to increase to 438 million by the year 2030. So there is a need to know the real picture of diabetes in the community and risk factors which can cause diabetes mellitus.
Objectives: To asses risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in an urban population. To determine the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in study population. To find out the risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in study population.
Material & Methods: It was a Cross Sectional observational Study done Area covered under Urban Health Training Centre of SRMS Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly. Study subjects: Adults age more than 30 years in area under Urban Health Training Centre (UHTC). Study Period was from 14 February 2014 - 14 February 2015.
Results: The overall prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in the present study was found to be 97 (15.2%). Out of these, almost half 46 (7.18%) were newly diagnosed while the remaining half were known diabetics. 61 (9.5%) of the study population was found to have Impaired Fasting glucose. Age, Socio-economic status, General caste and Family History, BMI and Waist Circumference was found to be statistically significant.