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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


A Cross-Sectional Study to Assess the Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


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Author Details: Vaibhav, Brajesh K Chahar

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 10

Article End Page : 12


Abstract

Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder that affects the Quality of Life (QoL) of patients. The objective of the present study is to assess the health related Quality of Life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Method: This was a cross-sectional study of 140 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, attending the diabetic clinic of a Tertiary care centre in Rajasthan, North India. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus between the age group of 25-75 were included in the study and data was collected using pre-designed questionnaire. The Qol of patients were assessed using SF 36V2 questionnaire along with the socio-demographic profile. The data was analysed using appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS.
Result: The mean age of subjects was 56±11.6 years and the mean duration of diabetes mellitus was 10.9±8.3 years. 47.9% of patients were overweight and 20.7% were obese. The mean HbA1c (glycosylated haemoglobin) was 8.3±1.5%. The patients with type 2 diabetes had significantly lower scores in all domains of QoL. Males had higher QoL scores than females and the difference was found to be statistically significant (p<0.05).
Conclusion: This study finding indicates that QoL of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is relatively poor. Diabetes mellitus significantly affects the QoL especially in females. Therefore much attention must be paid to identify and implement measures for achieving better management of diabetes mellitus and ultimately improving the QoL of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords:
Diabetes, Quality of Life