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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Study of co-variables among victims of road traffic accidents admitted to a tertiary care hospital


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Author Details: Roshan Timmappa Mudaraddi, Jannatbi Ladsab Iti

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 108

Article End Page : 109


Abstract

Background: Road traffic accidents are increasing at an alarming rate throughout the world. Rapid growth of transportation system, industrialization, urbanization and increase in population is responsible for the ‘veritable epidemic’. Inadequate traffic planning and lack of traffic sense have worsened the situation particularly in the developing countries.
Objectives: To study the co-variables among victims of road traffic accidents.
Method: Information regarding Road Traffic Accident was taken from casualty register for the month of October and November.
Results: 72% were males, vehicles involved in accident by two wheeler was 40% and 70% of the accidents occurred within city limits. Weekend accidents accounted for 37% and 42% of passengers were involved in accidents. 83% were conscious when brought to the hospital and 67% had simple injuries compared to 33% with grievous injuries. 12% were found to be under the effect of alcohol when brought to casualty.
Conclusion: The number of accidents is significantly more during 10am to 2pm and 5pm to 8pm. The percentage of female drivers was significantly less than that of males. Weekend accidents were more compared to weekdays and 2/3rd of them had simple injuries.  So there is a need for proper traffic planning and strict enforcement of traffic rules.

Key words
: Road traffic accidents, Injuries, Driver