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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


A Study of Unnatural death at MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital


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Author Details: Anjanamma TC, Vijaya NM, Vijayanath V, Praveen Athani

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 138

Article End Page : 141


Abstract

Unnatural deaths includes death caused due to criminal intent of a person behind or result of negligent act or planned omission of some person and also those where there is no illegal intent at all but death followed due to some accident or mishap. Unnatural deaths may imitate the law and order situation in a particular area of authority. This study is concerned with study pattern of unnatural deaths in MVJ medical college and research hospital for a period of two years. We found 236(87%) cases of unnatural deaths by analyzing 273 cases of deaths. Study revealed 99 cases of unnatural deaths in 2014 and 137 cases in 2015 with 14% increment. Deaths were more common in males 152 (64.4%) than in females 84 (35.6%). Majority of unnatural deaths occurred among the age group of 31-40 years. The frequency patterns of unnatural deaths are 67% RTAs, 7% homicide and 26% suicide. Poisoning is preferred method used to commit suicide with 36 (58%) out of 61 suicidal cases, followed by 14 (24%) of hanging, 5 (9%) of burns, 3 (5%) of drowning and 3 (4%) fall from height. Major cause of suicide was family problems 27 cases (44%), 15 (24%) were due to love affair. Female outnumbered male in committing suicide due to lack of support from family and society.

Key words:
Unnatural death; Accidental; Suicide; Homicide