Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


BEYOND UNIVERSAL IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMME: A STUDY ON THE AWARENESS OF CAREGIVERS AND UTILIZATION OF OPTIONAL VACCINES IN CHILDREN AGED 18-35 MONTHS IN KANPUR


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Author Details: Bhola Nath, Yashwant Kumar Rao, Tanu Midha, Ranjeeta Kumari, D.S.Martolia, Samarjeet Kaur

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 27

Article End Page : 34


Abstract

Background: In India, the newer vaccines are at present being offered as ‘optional vaccines’. Studies regarding optional vaccines in India are scarce and parents need to make informed decision regarding administration of these vaccines.
Objective: (1.) To assess the knowledge of optional vaccines among caregivers of children attending the outpatient department of Pediatrics.
(2.) To assess the utilization of optional vaccines in children aged 18-35 months attending the outpatient department of Pediatrics
Design: Cross-sectional Study
Setting: Outpatient department of Pediatrics, in 2013
Participants: 342, Systematic random sample
Results: The overall knowledge about the optional vaccines was poor with 68.4% of the respondents having no knowledge regarding any of the optional vaccines. All the optional vaccines were prescribed and administered at the private hospitals except 40% of the MMR vaccine. A significantly higher proportion of children from urban locality, general caste, upper socioeconomic class, birth order of less than 2 and having parents with higher education were immunized with optional vaccines than their respective counterparts.
Conclusions: It is time for looking into the issues of newer vaccines for the control of emerging childhood illnesses.

Key words: Drop out, newer vaccines, Optional Vaccines