Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


PARAQUAT POISONING – A CASE REPORT


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Author Details: Vinod C Nayak, Shankar M Bakkannavar, Somshekhar Sharma, Manu Sharma, Ranjit Immanuel James, Baishwa

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 67

Article End Page : 70


Abstract

Paraquat is one of the most dangerous poisons in the medical field as Ingestion of small quantities (>10mL) may damage lung irreversibly and also lead to renal failure causing to death. The paraquat is sold in more than 130 countries around the world to be used in small as well as large farms. The easy availability of this poison makes it a commonly employed agent for suicide. More than 93% of deaths due to paraquat poisoning are suicidal in nature and most of them are occurring in developing countries. The clinical features vary from case to case based on the amount and type of compound consumed. As it is a fatal condition, early diagnosis and proper management is warranted which can reduce the morbidity and mortalities. But sometimes early diagnosis may not save the victim as in our case. We present a case wherein the victim succumbed to acute respiratory distress following consumption of paraquat.

Key words: Paraquat, lung damage, renal failure, respiratory distress.