Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILES AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF DEATH AMONG UN-REGISTERED DEATHS IN RURAL AREAS OF GUJARAT


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Author Details: Donald S. Christian, Arpit Prajapati, Mansi Patel, K. N. Sonaliya

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 71

Article End Page : 75


Abstract

Background: With the on-going epidemiological transition, information on the pattern of mortality is important for health planning. Therefore, it is vital to search for un-registered mortality, especially among rural areas. The circumstances and profiles of the deceased should also be evaluated.

Objectives:
I. To study the profiles and characteristics of the deceased in rural areas of Dabhoda PHC.
II. To study the circumstances of death for the same.
Materials and Methods: Settings: Population covered by Dabhoda Primary Health Centre, Gandhinagar district, Gujarat. A cross-sectional study was conducted by trained multi-purpose health workers & ASHA workers through Verbal Autopsy questionnaire tool. A total of 178 unregistered deaths (which took place during January to December 2013) were interviewed. The respondents were either member of the same home or a close relative.
Observation: A total 59.6% of deaths occurred among males. More than half (56.2%) of the deaths occurred among those aged ≥60 years & about 1.69% deaths occurred among infants. Majority (69.7%) of the deaths occurred among “other backward class” (OBC); while most (82.6%) of the total deceased were “Below Poverty Line”. Majority (n=109, 61.2%) of them died at home. “Natural death “(n=38) was the most common cause of death according to the respondents, followed by senility (n=21).
Conclusion: Deaths of poor and under-privileged persons are more likely not to get registered. Deaths at home are also more likely to miss registration.
 
Keywords: Un-registered deaths, Socio-demographic profiles, Verbal Autopsy, Cause of death