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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Modifiable risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in adults –a cross sectional descriptive study


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Author Details: C. Tej Kumar, B. Nagendra Naidu

Volume : 4

Issue :

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 13

Article End Page : 23


Abstract

Cardio Vascular Diseases (CVD) are one of the major NCDs comprising of a group of diseases of Heart and Vascular system. CHD accounts for nearly 50% of all deaths in the developed world and 25% in developing countries, such as India. The aetiology of CVD is multi-factorial. Most of the Risk factors of CVD are easily modifiable on simple IEC activities(Information, Education and Communication). This Cross Sectional Descriptive study on modifiable risk factors of Cardio Vascular diseases in adults at Kankipadu Village, Krishna district is conducted to estimate the prevalence of risk factors in a rural area of Andhra Pradesh. Prevalence of various risk factors in this study are systolic hypertension 16.42%, diastolic hyper tension 9.14%, over weight and obesity 19%, smoking habit 21.14%, alcohol consumption 18.86%, physical inactivity 45%.

Keywords:
High blood pressure, Obesity, Smoking, Alcohol consumption, Dietary habits