Volume : 4
Issue : 1
Online ISSN : 2394-6776
Print ISSN : 2394-6768
Article First Page : 2
Article End Page : 7
Introduction: Population ageing is being recognised worldwide as a reality but still the quality of life (QOL) among elderly seems to be a neglected issue in developing countries like India. Therefore the present study was conducted to measure health related QOL among elderly and to ascertain some of the determinant factors.
Methods: This was a community based cross-sectional survey, conducted among 782 elderly subject in rural population of Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh. WHO QOL-BREF was used to assess the data on QOL of elderly. A pre-designed, pre-tested semi structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic information and a complete clinical examination was performed among the study subjects to assess chronic morbid conditions.
Results: Mean scores of quality of life domains were higher among elderly of 70-79 years age group in physical, psychological, social relationship and environmental domains from other age groups. The mean quality of life scores were found to be higher among elderly without psychosocial and health related problems. Relation between physical health domain and marital status were statistically significant (p<0.05). About 44.4% of elderly living with their family or wife were of average psychological health, while 33.5% elderly living alone were of poor psychological health and relation was statistically significant (p<0.05). Association between marital status with psychological health was statistically significant and SES with social relationship was statistically significant (p<0.05)
Conclusion: The study findings indicate that the elderly population living in Satrikh, Barabanki suffer from relatively poor QOL particularly among elderly women and those with lower education. Indeed to improve QOL among elderly, much more attention should be paid to all aspects of their life including health and economic status.
Keywords: Elderly, Rural, Quality of life, WHO-BREF